(71 verses, 08:50 to read)
What I am about to READ
The institution of the Lord’s Supper, Jesus fulfilling Scripture, and the beginning of His passion.
1: “The Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called the Passover.”
3: “Then Satan entered into Judas called Iscariot…”
8: “So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying,‘Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat it.’”
19-20: “And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying,‘This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.’ And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, ‘This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.’”
27: “For who is the greater,one who reclines at table or one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at table? But I am among you as the one who serves.”
34: “Jesus said, ‘I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day, until you deny three times that you know me.’”
37: “For I tell you that this Scripture must be fulfilled in me: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors.’ For what is written about me has its fulfillment.”
42: “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.”
48: “Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”
53: “But this is your hour, and the power of darkness.”
69-71: “But from now on the Son of Man shall be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” So they all said, “Are you the Son of God, then?” And he said to them, “You say that I am.” Then they said, “What further testimony do we need? We have heard it ourselves from his own lips.”
Chapter 22 marks a shift in Luke’s Gospel. Jesus, knowing His Father’s will, has willingly made His trek to the cross (see Luke 9:51), and now the HOUR has come. The suffering, the beating, and the cross were just a few short hours away. Yet, Jesus once again prepares His disciples for what’s coming, just as He has been doing for the past three years.
The chief priests and the scribes have discovered a way to arrest Jesus without crowds present (vv. 2-6). Among the din of their murderous planning, Jesus prepares to eat the Passover meal one last time with His disciples (vv. 7-13). However, this would not be a typical Passover celebration. During this memorial meal, Jesus institutes something new; something far greater than the Passover meal. He institutes His last will and testament: His very body to eat and His very blood to drink “FOR YOU” (vv. 19-20).
Despite the opinions to the contrary, Jesus’ Words of Institution are not figurative. The language is not confusing. Rather, the words actually mean precisely what they say: the bread IS Christ’s very body and the wine IS His very blood given for you to eat and drink.
Jesus’ announcement that one of the twelve will betray Him (v. 22) caused a dispute among the disciples (v. 24). Jesus quickly crushed their squabble. He explained that greatness in the Kingdom of God is humility and service, just as He has come as a servant (vv. 25-30).
In this rather long chapter we read about BOTH Jesus’ prophecy of Peter denial (vv. 31-34) AND the fulfillment of that prophecy (vv. 54-62). But Jesus reminds Peter that He has prayed that his faith may not fail (v. 32). That’s right, Jesus prays for His disciples! After Peter turns (repents), he is charged with strengthening his brothers (v. 32).
We also learn about the person and work of Jesus in this chapter. Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of the Law and the Prophets. In particular, He fulfills Isaiah 53:12: “And he was numbered with the transgressors” (v. 37). The reality of this fulfillment cannot be overstated! Jesus Christ, God in the flesh, willing became sin. He hung on the cross and was “numbered with the transgressors,” as he bore the entire world’s sin (1 Peter 2:24). All sins. Past, present, and future sins were in Christ as he paid the price and took the penalty as our Substitute.
Then the hour came. Jesus was betrayed by Judas and arrested by the chief priests, elders, and the officers of the temple (vv. 47-52). It was their hour, and the power of darkness (v. 52). The chapter ends with Jesus being mocked and enduring a mock trial (vv. 63-71). His death is just a few short hours away. Yet He willing goes to the cross, obeying His Father’s will, because He knows His death will give us forgiveness, life, and salvation! That’s the Gospel!
There’s a lot to meditate upon in this chapter!
First, I would commend Luther’s Small Catechism for your reading. Read and mediate upon “The Sacrament of the Altar.” (Click HERE.) The Lord’s Supper, which Christ institutes in this chapter, is a blessed treasure that He has given to His Church.
Second, I encourage you to meditate on Christ’s passion, which has begun in this this chapter.
And finally, give thanks and praise to God! Jesus is your Substitute. He took the punishment you deserve, and He graciously gives you forgiveness, life and salvation. That’s the Gospel!
Thoughts? Comments? Questions? Post below, or join the conversation in our Facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/dailybiblemeditation/
Pastor Kevin Zellers, Jr.