Revelation 11: The Temple Measure, The Two Witnesses, and the Seventh Trumpet

(19 verses, 3:15 to read)

Read & Listen

What I am about to READ

  • The church will suffer greatly in this world. God will protect His church and yet Christians will suffer persecution and even death. But in the end they have victory because Christ is victorious.


  • The measuring of the temple (11:1-2)
  • The two witnesses (11:3-14)
  • The seventh trumpet (11:15-19)


  • There’s a lot going on in this chapter, but it helps if you understand that both the temple and the two witnesses are a picture of the church.
  • This temple is the church where God dwells with His people in Word and Sacrament. This is how the church is sustained even in the face of persecution, suffering, and even death.  The church will suffer and suffer greatly but it will not ultimately be defeated.
  • This is the same thing we see with the two witnesses. The two witnesses are representative of the church’s preaching and teaching ministry, that is it’s prophetic witness to the world.  The church calls the world to repentance and proclaims Christ crucified for them.
  • The two witnesses are even killed in this section. At times the witness of the church will be silenced in an area for a time (and the world will even celebrate this!), but then the church is raised up in that place again just as we see the two witnesses raised up.
  • The end of the chapter shows the end of all things and the great joy that God’s children will have on that day. The ark of the covenant makes an appearance at the close of the chapter because it is a symbol of God’s presence and shows that His presence and fellowship is possible because of the atonement of Christ.


  • Luther has some helpful insights into what it means for the church to suffer under the cross. He calls this suffering the seventh mark of the church: Seventh, the holy Christian people are externally recognized by the holy possession of the sacred cross. They must endure every misfortune and persecution, all kinds of trials and evil from the devil, the world, and the flesh (as the Lord’s Prayer indicates) by inward sadness, timidity, fear, outward poverty, contempt, illness, and weakness, in order to become like their head, Christ. And the only reason they must suffer is that they steadfastly adhere to Christ and God’s word, enduring this for the sake of Christ, Matthew 5 [:11], “Blessed are you when men persecute you on my account.” They must be pious, quiet, obedient, and prepared to serve the government and everybody with life and goods, doing no one any harm. No people on earth have to endure such bitter hate; they must be accounted worse than Jews, heathen, and Turks. In summary, they must be called heretics, knaves, and devils, the most pernicious people on earth, to the point where those who hang, drown, murder, torture, banish, and plague them to death are rendering God a service. No one has compassion on them; they are given myrrh and gall to drink when they thirst. And all of this is done not because they are adulterers, murderers, thieves, or rogues, but because they want to have none but Christ, and no other God. Wherever you see or hear this, you may know that the holy Christian church is there, as Christ says in Matthew 5 [:11–12], “Blessed are you when men revile you and utter all kinds of evil against you on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven.” This too is a holy possession whereby the Holy Spirit not only sanctifies his people, but also blesses them.

Thoughts? Comments? Questions? Post below, or join the conversation in our Facebook group:

-Pastor Andrew Packer


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