Esther 1: Queen Vashti refuses to stand before King Ahasuerus


(22 verses, 4:21 to read)

What I am about to READ

  • The book of Esther is introduced in the court of King Ahasuerus, whose great wealth and pride are both put before us.


  • This chapter gives us the background for what will unfold in this book.
    • The setting is the court of King Ahasuerus, the center of a massive empire.
    • The central character is this King. More will be introduced in the next chapters.
    • The purpose of the book is not yet clear, but by the end we will see it as an example of the Lord protecting His people even in exile, all in service to the coming birth of the Messiah.
  • The history in this chapter is detailed, including specific names of the King’s counselors and friends.
  • We also see the proceedings of a pagan court, and how the laws came about through wisdom and anger.


  • Esther is unique in all the books of the Bible. “God” is never mentioned; He is working in the background to bring all these blessings about for His people. This reminds us of God’s providence, that even when we don’t see it, He causes all things to work together for the good of those who love Him and are called according to His purpose.

Thoughts? Questions? Join the conversation in our facebook group.

Lord’s Blessings,
Pr. Bryan Wolfmueller
Hope Lutheran Church, Aurora, CO



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