Zechariah 1: Repent! Zechariah’s First Two Visions


(21 verses, 3:30 to read)

What I am about to READ:

Zechariah urged the people to repent. In spite of peace in the world, God would punish His enemies.


Zechariah was the second prophet who urged the people of Judah to begin rebuilding the temple. As with Haggai, Zechariah gave the exact dates when he received his prophecy. His opening prophecy (1–6), his “night visions,” came just two months after Haggai’s first vision (520 BC).

The eight night visions are organized as follows:

  1. Visions 1 and 8 show God’s angels sent out in His service.
  2. Visions 2 and 3 tell how opposition to God’s kingdom will stop and His church will be built.
  3. Visions 4 and 5 deal with God’s high priest. He is cleansed of his uncleanness and strengthened for his work.
  4. Visions 6 and 7 tell that the Lord will remove all uncleanness from His church.


1: “Zechariah”—“the Lord has remembered”—Nehemiah 12:16 indicates that Zechariah, a former exile, was both a prophet and a priest.

8: “Myrtle trees”—They are evergreen and symbolic of peace.

11: The horsemen were angels sent by the Lord into the world to find information. They report that everything was at peace. In view of Haggai’s promise (2:6, 7) that God would shake the nations and send the Savior, this was bad news for Judah. The shaking had not yet begun.

12-13: Besides Zechariah, there are three main characters in these visions: the Lord Almighty, the Angel of the Lord (the preincarnate Christ), and a created angel who spoke with Zechariah and interpreted the visions for him.

14-17: God had remembered Judah. He would bless the work of rebuilding and punish His enemies.

18: “Four horns”—Animal horns are a symbol of power and, in this case, destruction. It is also becoming clear that the number 4 is associated with the four directions of the earth (north, south, east, west).

20: “Craftsmen”—These do the opposite of the horns. They build.


The Lord wants His people to recognize their need for repentance. They should learn from their “fathers” before the exile…and so should we. God desires that our lives be one of continual repentance. As God’s beloved children we repent of our sins…always. We turn away from those sins…always. We desire to not walk in them again…always. We receive forgiveness on account of Christ for those sins…always! And we live in comfort and assurance in Christ alone as we trust in Him and His promises…always.

Thoughts? Comments? Questions? Post below, or join the conversation in our Facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/dailybiblemeditation/

Sub Cruce,

Pastor Kevin Zellers, Jr.



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