Jeremiah 49: Why do you boast?


(39 verses, 6:45 to read)

What I am about to READ:

The Lord prophesied destruction on various nations because of their pride. Babylon would be His tool to destroy them.


1–6: The Ammonites were descendants of Lot, the nephew of Abraham (Genesis 19:38). They lived in the area east of the Jordan River and north of Moab. The Ammonites were often in conflict with Israel both before (2 Kings 24:2) and after the fall of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 40:11–14). Ammon would be punished for stealing land away from Israel and for its pride.

7–22: The Edomites were descendants of Esau (Genesis 36:1–19) and lived in the mountainous region south of the Dead Sea. Relations between the Edomites and Israelites were never good and were made worse when Edom gloated over the misery of Jerusalem (Obadiah 3, 10–14). Edom’s sin was also pride: it was naturally well-fortified and protected.

23–27: Damascus was the capital of Syria and is the oldest active city in the world. Syria was often in conflict with Israel (2 Kings 13).

28–33: Kedar was an Ishmaelite tribe that lived in the Arabian desert (Genesis 25:13). The location of a desert city named Hazor is uncertain. Kedar and Hazor will be attacked because they are complacent and self-confident.

34–39: Elam was an ancient kingdom (Genesis 14:1) located east of Babylon near the Persian Gulf in what is today Iran. It became part of the Medo-Persian empire, and its major city, Susa, became the empire’s capital (Nehemiah 1:1). Elam was also beset by the sin of pride; Elam put its trust in its skilled archers.

Note: there is a gracious promise found alongside the threats in this chapter.  In the future, God promises to restore the fortunes of these nations. Just as with Moab, some from Ammon and Elam would come to faith and worship the true God. (v. 6, 39)


Heavenly Father, You are the Giver of all good gifts. By Your abundant grace, grant me repentance for all my foolish complacency, pride, and self-sufficiency. Continue to speak Your word to me, that I may continue to cling to You alone for all my needs. In Jesus’ name I pray. Amen.

Thoughts? Comments? Questions? Post below, or join the conversation in our Facebook group:

Sub Cruce,

Pastor Kevin Zellers, Jr.




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