Jeremiah 46: Disciplined but not Destroyed

(28 verses, 4:50 to read)


What I am about to READ

  • The Lord, through Jeremiah, gives three prophecies: two concerning Egypt, one concerning Judah.


  • vv. 1-12: The first prophecy against Egypt (c. 606 B.C.)
  • vv. 13-24: The second prophecy against Egypt (unknown time frame, but certainly later)
  • vv. 25-28: The prophecy for Judah’s comfort


  • The introduction to the first prophecy against Egypt (vv. 1-2) references Egyptian Pharaoh Neco, who met Judean King Josiah (a faithful king) in battle at Megiddo in 609. Neco had warned Josiah not to fight with him, claiming to be on a mission from the Lord. Josiah died in that battle (cf. II Kings 23).
  • The Lord, in these two prophecies against Egypt, makes it clear that He is active in human history to accomplish His divine purposes. In this example, God will chasten but not destroy Egypt. God’s plan to use Babylon to discipline His people, the people of Judah, will go forward. God directs the rise and fall of these nations and the lesser states under their control in order to bring about the restoration of Jerusalem and the temple and then bring about the events of the birth, ministry, death, and resurrection of Christ.
  • The chastening of Egypt foreshadows the chastening of Judah. Just as Egypt is not destroyed, neither will God destroy Judah. God is faithful to the promise He made to Abraham. Notice also the language of the violence of the chastening of Egypt. In verse 10, Jeremiah calls this a sacrifice, that which will satisfy the wrath of God over their sin. Likewise, Christ is violently sacrificed on a Roman cross in order to satisfy the wrath of God over the sins of the whole world.
  • This chapter concludes with a wonderful promise from the Lord. Even though He is bringing judgment upon the nations, including Judah, He promises to continue to be with His people and restore them to their land. This “with you” language is incarnational and foreshadows the Immanuel–the “God with us”–who will come and restore all things by His life-giving blood. Though God disciplines His people, it is always done with an eye toward forgiveness and restoration.


  • Prayer: O Lord, look not upon us in Your wrath, which we surely deserve because of our sins, but look upon us with the eyes of Your mercy and restore us again to life everlasting. In Jesus’ name we pray, Amen.

Thoughts? Comments? Questions? Post below, or join the conversation in our Facebook group:

-Rev. Jordan McKinley, pastor
Trinity Lutheran Church, Vallonia, IN

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