Repost from Pr. Stout:
(34 verses, 2:59 to read)
What I am about to READ
- Paul is incredibly grateful for the Corinthian Church and commends them that they have received much of his instruction faithfully. However, he must also address areas where they need further instruction or even complete correction, especially regarding head coverings and the Lord’s Supper.
- 1: Paul concludes his instructions about things that are lawful but not helpful and appeals for imitation of him as he imitates Christ.
- 2-6: Paul commends them for keeping with the tradition he delivered on many practices and calls for repentance in other areas, teaches on the vocation of headship and uses Christ as an example to emphasize that he is not speaking about inferiority or equality, but differing roles.
- 7-12: Order of creation and truth of codependence of both man and woman. Independence means freedom from others while vocation calls us serve others and be served by God through others.
- 13-16: Paul appeals to truth found in their culture, emphasizes gender distinction and appeals to the teachings found in the broader church.
- 17-22: Division in the congregation is necessary to show who is faithful to true teaching. Answers the question: whose Supper is this? Mine or the Lord’s? Paul refuses to commend their practice.
- 23-25: Paul passes down what he received from either Jesus Himself through direct revelation or from His apostles. Which one is he implying? I’m not sure. It doesn’t matter a ton. After all, Jesus says of the apostles, “He who hears you, hears me.”
- 26-29: Necessity of examination before receiving the Lord’s Supper.
- 30-34: Call for repentance and faith and summarizing the argument.
- Head coverings for women were a cultural sign of fidelity and marital status. Perhaps a wedding ring would be a good application. How would we feel if our spouse was intentionally showing others that they were not married? Our actions and words communicate something to others about faith and life.
- The best illustration I have ever heard to help confess the Lord’s Supper is that of medicine. Medicine can be useful, but also can be abused. It is abused when it is not taken according to the instructions. It is the Lord’s Supper, not your supper. We are called to listen to our Lord’s instructions and receive amazing benefits by eating and drinking the same body and blood that won for us peace with God and forgiveness of sins.
- vs. 24, “for you.” Our Lord Jesus leaves no doubt who forgiveness was won for by His death and delivered to in the present, who God is at peace with, who He gives the joy of full communion with Himself and Father and Holy Spirit, who His promises are for and who is covered by His cleansing blood.
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Pastor Christopher Stout