44 verses, 6:15 to read)
What I am about to READ
- This chapter (and the next) recount the teaching of Jesus on Holy Tuesday, three days before His crucifixion. This account is the last public “work-day” of Jesus.
- Here is the outline of this chapter:
- 1-12: the Parable of the Tenants
- 13-17: The First Test: The Question of Taxes
- 18-27: The Second Test: The Question of the Resurrection
- 28-34: The Third Test: The Question of the Greatest Commandment
- 35-37: Jesus Test to the Scribes and Pharisees: The Question of the Messiah being David’s Son and Lord
- 38-40: Jesus Warning Against the Pharisee’s Doctrine
- 41-44: The Widow’s Mite
- While the Scribes and Pharisees are interested in the detailed aspects of the law, they still could not answer Jesus.
- Jesus’ answer about taxes (“Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s,” 12:17) establishes the two kingdoms of God and frees Christians to live in this world and also participate in the kingdom of GOd.
- Especially important is the question that Jesus brings regarding Psalm 110:1 (Mark 12:35-36). The Messiah can be the Son of David AND the Lord of David only if He is both God and Man. Because the Pharisees could not confess Jesus as Lord, they could not understand the Scriptures.
- Consider 12:26-27, where Jesus quotes Exodus 3:1-4. This is a bit of a theological riddle, but wonderfully comforting. God is the God of Abraham, even after Abraham is dead. And, God is the God of the living. This means that Abraham will rise from the dead to newness of life. That God is the God of the living is all Jesus need to argue that the dead will be raised on the Last Day!
Thoughts? Comments? Questions? Post below, or join the conversation in our Facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/dailybiblemeditation/
-Pastor Bryan Wolfmueller