II Chronicles 23: Joash reigns, Athaliah dies, and Jehoida reforms

(21 verses, 4:13 to read)


What I am about to READ

  • After Athaliah believes her reign is secured, God delivers on His promise to David and preserves the line of David on the throne in Jerusalem. Working through Jehoiada, God removes the idols from Judah and restores the true worship.


  • vv. 1-11: Jehoiada plans for and carries out Joash’s coronation.
  • vv. 12-15: Athaliah’s ungodly reign over the house of David is brought to a bloody end.
  • vv. 16-21: Jehoiada removes the idols from Judah and restores the true worship of God.


  • God had brought about the downfall of Ahaziah as ruler over Judah (II Chronicles 22:7), for he was as wicked as his mother, who was the granddaughter of Omri, a former Israelite King (northern kingdom). When he died, he left no heir capable of ruling in his place, and Athaliah, his mother, sought to destroy the Davidic line and secure her place as ruler over Judah. However, Jehoshabeath rescued one of Ahaziah’s sons from death (see chapter 22).
  • The ascension of Joash to the throne is evidence of God’s continued faithfulness to His promise made to David in I Samuel 7. This promise, that David’s line will rule on Israel’s throne forever, is a prophecy of Christ. We know this cannot apply to any of David’s other descendants, because the line of David is cut off as a result of the fall of Jerusalem, the destruction of the temple, and and the captivity in Babylon. Although the temporal kingdom is lost to David’s line, David’s Son and Lord, Christ Jesus, comes as an eternal king over a spiritual kingdom. Joash is a reminder of that promise and part of the fulfillment thereof.
  • The death of Athaliah shows that God sometimes metes out justice in temporal matters. We see this happen in both Old and New Testaments. However, God does this according to His own wisdom and for out good. There are also examples when the enemies of God and His people flourish. Even in these things, God is working to decrease our reliance on ourselves and our outward circumstances in order that we might look to Him alone for every good.
  • Finally, the restoration of the temple is a marker in Israel of God’s favor. As the temple and king go, so goes the kingdom. In the same way, God blesses His Church today through the faithful preaching of His Word and the right administration of the Sacraments.


  • Prayer: O God, grant that we would be defended from our enemies, both temporal and eternal, that we may continue to sing your praises now and forevermore. Amen.

Thoughts? Comments? Questions? Post below, or join the conversation in our Facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/dailybiblemeditation/

-Rev. Jordan McKinley, pastor
Trinity Lutheran Church, Vallonia, IN

Learn more about Trinity:
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