2 Chronicles 18–The Lord defeats Ahab

(34 verses, 5:31to read)


What I am about to READ

  • The king of Judah and the king of Israel form an alliance.  Unbelief and idolatry spell doom for the king of Israel.


  • vv. 1-3:  Jehoshaphat, the good and upright king of Judah, makes an marriage alliance  with Ahab, the king of Israel.  The marriage was between Jehoshaphat’s son Jehoram and Ahab’s daughter Athaliah.
    • Ahab wastes no time in asking Jehoshaphat to join in in war.
    • Due to the alliance, Jehoshaphat agrees.
  • vv. 4-11:  Jehoshaphat desires to hear a word from the Lord in regard to the prudence of this act of war; so he asks Ahab to bring forth prophets.
    • Ahab does, but these prophets are not the prophets of the Lord but most likely prophets of Baal.
    • These 400 all agree that they will be victorious in battle.
    • Jehoshaphat still desires a word from a prophet of the Lord.
      • Ahab does not wish to hear from the Lord, or His prophet Micaiah, because Micaiah never prophecies in favor of him.
  • vv. 12-22: Micaiah comes to the two kings speaking the Word of the Lord.
    • In verse 14, Micaiah sarcastically tells Ahab that he will be victorious.
    • vv.18-21:  Micaiah tells the kings about the vision of the divine council that he has seen.
      • Usually the divine council comes together in favor of Israel and yet here it is for her doom.
      • A spirit is sent out to speak lies into the ears of Ahab’s prophets.
  • vv. 23-27:  Micaiah ends up in prison.
    • Scripture never again speaks of Micaiah.  Presumably, he spend the rest of his days in prison under Ahab and then Ahab’s son Joash.
  • vv. 28-34:  Ahab is defeated in battle and dies.
    • Ahab attempts to protect himself by going into battle without his royal robes.
      • Jehoshaphat does not, and although there is a moment in which he is terrified, the Lord protects him and he lives.
    • Ahab is, at random, killed by an arrow.
  • (See I Kings 22 for a separate account of this historical event)


  • Jehoshaphat, in faith, is still found in the favor of the Lord.  We see this through his desire to hear from a true prophet of God and also by the fact that the Lord protected him in this ruinous battle.
    • Ahab, of course, finally received in full the judgment of the Lord for his unbelief and unrepentant idolatry.
  • The way in which Ahab talks about Micaiah, speaks volumes to our sinful unbelief.  Notice that Ahab does not care whether or not Micaiah speaks the truth, instead he is only concerned as to whether Micaiah speaks good things for him.  There is still nothing new under the sun, for this is still the culture that we are living in.  And this is also the default setting for our sinful flesh.
    • If we do not hear the things that we want to from our Lord we either turn to another god or we misrepresent God Himself and His Word; twisting it to fit our hedonistic agenda.  …  Have mercy on us Lord!
  • The divine council that we see in this chapter also includes spirits of deception and lies.  This can only mean one thing: it includes at least Satan and maybe the other demons as well; for their vocation is still that of angel and messenger.  Here is the full authority of God (namely that all things, even the devil and his demons, are placed under His feet) so that this spirit of deception is used by our Lord to accomplish His good and perfect will.


  • Prayer: O God,all authority in heaven and earth has been given to you, grant that we may, in faith, always be in accordance with the ways of Your Law and the proclamation of Your Gospel.  Comfort us with the knowledge that all things are placed under your feet, even the devil himself; and that You will always accomplish your good and perfect will, in Jesus’ name we pray. Amen.

Thoughts? Comments? Questions? Post below, or join the conversation in our Facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/dailybiblemeditation/

-Rev. Eli Lietzau, pastor
Faith in Christ Lutheran Church, Albuquerque, NM

Learn more about Faith in Christ:
On the Web: https://www.faithinchristlutheran.org


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