2 Chronicles 13: The Reign of Abijah

(22 verses, 3:44 to read)


What I am about to READ

  • Rehoboam, son of Solomon, has died, and his son Abijah reigns in Judah. He fights against Jeroboam (king of Israel, the northern kingdom), and prevails.


  • This chapter covers the entire three-year reign of Abijah, the third king in the dynasty of David. We are told of the Battle of Mt. Zemaraim as the major feat of Abijah.
  • (13:4-12) Abijah stood on the mountain and called the tribes of Israel to repentance for rebelling against the promises God made to David.
  • (13:13-20) In the meantime, Jeroboam sent his armies to flank the army of Abijah. The Lord, though, gave success to Judah and the soldiers of Israel were routed, Judah captured a number of the cities of Israel, and Jeroboam was devastated, and would soon die.
  • Abijah’s rule is summarized in 13:20-21. We are normally told that a king “did what is good in the eyes of the Lord” or that they “did what is evil in the eyes of the Lord.” We have no such note about Abijah. We do see his faith in the true God as we read his address to the rebellious nations of Israel.


  • Notice how Abijah connects the faithfulness of Judah to the life of the temple:

“But as for us, the Lord is our God, and we have not forsaken him. We have priests ministering to the Lord who are sons of Aaron, and Levites for their service. They offer to the Lord every morning and every evening burnt offerings and incense of sweet spices, set out the showbread on the table of pure gold, and care for the golden lampstand that its lamps may burn every evening. For we keep the charge of the Lord our God, but you have forsaken him. Behold, God is with us at our head, and his priests with their battle trumpets to sound the call to battle against you. O sons of Israel, do not fight against the Lord, the God of your fathers, for you cannot succeed.”

This is good for us to consider, the connection between our worship and the Lord’s blessings. Abijah knows that the strength of the people is found in their prayers and their going to the temple to be served the Lord’s gifts. May God grant that His liturgy and service would continue to be found among us.

Questions? Comments? Join the conversation in our facebook page here.

Lord’s Blessings,
Pr Bryan Wolfmueller
Hope Lutheran Church, Aurora, CO


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