(18 verses, 3:02 to read)
What I am about to READ
The Lord blessed Solomon’s activities after the dedication of the temple.
MARK and LEARN
This short chapter lists Solomon’s activities after he dedicated the temple. It’s interesting to compare this chapter with the corresponding section in 1 Kings 9:10–28. The Chronicler is relying on the older material from 1 Kings, but he recounts and rewrites it for the specific needs of the people of his day –likely the time of Ezra and Nehemiah.
1–6: The 1 Kings text reports the mild quarrel between Hiram of Tyre and Solomon over the cities Solomon gave Hiram. The text in 2 Chronicles omits this, focusing only on Solomon’s building projects throughout Israel and in Jerusalem. In order to encourage his people, the Chronicler relates the successes God gave Solomon.
7–10: This material follows the text of 1 Kings fairly closely. The Chronicler would not omit anything dealing with Israel’s dominance of the foreign people still living in the land. He would also want to emphasize that the Israelites under Solomon were masters of the foreigners. Because of intermarriage and because of how the rich Israelites in the Chronicler’s day were oppressing their poor brothers, he wanted to use Solomon’s actions as a model for the people of his day to follow.
11: Ezra and Nehemiah faced a problem of Israelites intermarrying with Gentiles around them. One prominent Gentile was even given a guest room in the temple. Although Solomon himself married a non-Israelite, he at least kept her separate from the things related to the temple. The Chronicler included this information, which the writer of 1 Kings omitted.
12–16: In 1 Kings there’s a short reference to Solomon’s observance of the temple regulations. The Chronicler adds quite a bit of material. The priests and Levites of Ezra’s day needed all the encouragement they could get. Here the Chronicler was telling them, in effect, that when they served faithfully, they were following in the footsteps of David and Solomon.
17–18: Both 1 Kings and 2 Chronicles give the same information on Solomon’s sea trade.
Scripture is verbally inspired (the actual words written down were inspired by God). Verbal inspiration does not rule out a writer telling a story for a particular audience – as the Chronicler is doing here. For example, the Lord inspired four Gospels, each telling the story of Christ in a way appropriate for the audience. The meaning does not change. The facts do not change. The truth does not change. Jesus Christ accomplishing our salvation does not change. Yet, each writer focused on certain aspects for a particular audience. This is something to rejoice over! Praise God that we have several verbally inspired, eye-witness accounts of the biggest moment in history: Christ dying and rising again for our salvation.
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Pastor Kevin Zellers, Jr.