Isaiah 10: The Lord, Judgment, Assyria and the Remnant

(34 verses, 5:10 to read)


What I am about to READ:

  • The Lord will use Assyria to judge Judah, but Assyria will also be destroyed, and a remnant from Judah will be rescued.
  • (It was particularly helpful for me to listen to this chapter as I read it. You might consider that using the READ & LISTEN link above.)


  • 10:1-4: The Lord will punish Judah with His rod, the Assyrians.
  • 10:5-19: Assyria, though, seeing its triumph over Judah, will become proud and arrogant, and will be punished by the Lord. See 10:15 where the Lord uses the picture of the rod beating the person who wields it!
  • 10:20-34: The Lord will preserve for Himself a remnant who will return to Jerusalem and be blessed by the Lord.


  • Pride is always the most dangerous thing to bring before the Lord. He is the one who “casts down the mighty from their throne.” When Assyria trusted in their own strength they were doomed.
  • In this chapter we are introduced to a theme that will run through the book of Isaiah: “the remnant.” (Here in 10:19, 20, 21, 22, and later in Isaiah 11:11, 16; 14:22, 30; 15:9; 17:3; 28:5; 37:4 31, 32, and 46:3.) Isaiah’s great themes are this: Judah will be destroyed, but a remnant will be preserved, and will have life and salvation by the work of the coming Messiah. (This is beautifully pictures by the first verse of chapter 11, a little branch will grow out of the stump of the tree cut down.)
  • If you don’t have study notes or a Bible dictionary to look up the different names and places, a helpful resource is Kretzmann’s Popular Commentary, which provides explanatory notes for every verse. Of course you should always read commentaries (even these blog posts) critically, asking if the teaching matches the teaching you learned in the Catechism. You can access the entire commentary here.
    • Here’s a taste, Kretzmann’s notes on verse 34 (the words of Isaiah are in bold): And He, the Lord in His avenging wrath, shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron,with a sharp instrument of destruction, and Lebanon, the name under which all the hostile forces are comprehended, shall fall by a Mighty One, by Him who possesses the majesty of the almighty and eternal God, who is both the Defender and the Deliverer of His Church. It is He also, who on the last day will change the Church Militant into the Church Triumphant.


  • The entire preaching of Isaiah is Law and Gospel. The Lord threatens to punish the people and the nations, to bring an end to the idolatry that brings sin and death, and the Lord promises to deliver the people and rescue them. The Lord’s preaching is always Law and Gospel, always threats and promises, and we, through this word, are always being taught repentance.

Thoughts? Questions? Join the conversation in our facebook group.

Lord’s Blessings,
Pastor Bryan Wolfmueller
Hope Lutheran Church, Aurora, CO

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