I Chronicles 11: David is King


(47 verses, 5:37 to read)

What I am about to READ

  • The genealogies are done.  Saul is dead.  David, the new king of Israel, is anointed.


  • This chapter begins (v. 1-3) with the anointing of David as king over all Israel.  This anointing takes place at Hebron.
    • Much has happened in the history of Israel that the Chronicler passes over.  To read the complete history found in Scripture we would do well to turn to              II Samuel chapters 1-5.
    • David is anointed twice at Hebron.  The first time is immediately after hearing of Saul’s death.  This is found in II Samuel 2, when David becomes king of Judah.
    • The Chronicler makes no mention of the 7 1/2 year battle that rages before David is anointed a second time at Hebron over all of Israel.
    • David reigns at Hebron, over Judah, for 7 1/2 years.  He reigns at Jerusalem, over all Israel and Judah, for 33 years.
  • Verses 4-9 give an abridged version of when David takes Jerusalem.
    • II Samuel chapter 5 speaks of this victory.  The Jebusites hold Jerusalem and think so little of David and his God that they mock him saying, “You will not come in here, but the blind and the lame will ward you off!”  They were wrong.  David, through the victory granted to him by God, destroys the Jebusites.  He finally fulfills that which was begun with Joshua.  The Promised Land is now fully conquered.  The nation of Israel is one
  • Verses 10-47 give a more detailed account of the men of note who joined with David and helped to bring security and rest to the land of Israel.
  • Side Note:  The Chronicler makes no mention of the fact that David weeps bitterly over the death of Saul.  Even though Saul constantly sought him out to end his life, David swore never to lift his sword against him.  (See I Samuel 24)  David trusted in the Lord to accomplish that which He promised to do.  And yet was still grieved to his very heart when that promise came to fruition in the death of his enemy and king.


  • When we read, mark, and inwardly digest the history of the Old Testament, we must also realize that it is so much more than just a simple history.  The Old Testament points to Christ.  The Old Testament, too, gives us Christ.  …  The victory given to David is but a shadow of the victory won by Christ our Lord.  While David marches up to Jerusalem with thousands of fighting men behind him (or more probably, before him) our Lord does His own marching in a much less regal way.  Jesus marches up to Jerusalem to do His own battle.  But His enemies are not of flesh and blood.  They are of the spiritual forces in the heavenly realms:  sin, death, and the devil.  David claims victory by the death of his temporal enemies.  Jesus claims victory by killing His (and our) spiritual enemies with His own death.
  • Prayer: O Heavenly Father, You brought victory to your people through the anointing of King David.  In this, You foreshadowed the anointing of Your Son, in which true victory is won for all mankind.  May we ever hold fast to the victory given to us in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ our Savior.  Amen.

Thoughts? Questions? Insights on the anointing of David? Join the conversation on our Facebook page here.

In Christ,
Rev. Eli Lietzau
Faith in Christ Lutheran Church, ABQ, NM


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